Studied natural medicine at the “Nederlandse Akademie voor Natuurgeneeskunde” in Hilversum, medicine at the Rijksuniversiteit Limburg in Maastricht (Msc 1988, MD 1991), acupuncture education at Stichting NAAV Education with specialization auriculo (1996) and Pedagogic Didactical skills for HBO teachers at Interstudie NDO van Hogeschool Arnhem en Nijmegen (2013). He is a NRR-ERC-certified instructor Basic reanimation and Pediatric reanimation. In 1983 he started his practice in natural medicine in Sleeuwijk. He has worked as a teacher at the Stichting NAAV Onderwijs and its successor the NAAV Research and Education Foundation with topics in auriculo and basic life support. In 2008 he started teaching medical basic knowledge (MBK) at HvNA and Shenzhou.